What are criminal injuries?

Criminal injuries are injuries to a person caused by another person’s criminal activities. If you are a victim of a crime involving any type of violence, especially if you were injured because of it, you may be entitled to claim compensation from the injuries you suffered from. The compensation will come from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA).

CICA was created in 1965. This is so victims of criminal offences could receive compensation for the following:

  • physical injuries e.g. scarring, broken bones, or loss of vision;
  • psychological injuries e.g. depression, emotional, flashbacks, panic attacks, and nightmares; and
  • financial losses e.g. loss of earnings or special expenses.

Common types of criminal injury

Assault

A punch to a kick or an attack with a weapon, incurred injuries include (but are not limited to) broken bones, disfigurement, and psychological trauma.

Bar and club attacks

Incurred injuries of such an attack can include negative physical, psychological, or financial effects upon your life.

Sexual Assault

Regardless if it includes penetration or not, sexual assault can be complex—taking into account the trauma associated with it.

Historical abuse

It is possible to make a claim for incurring physical and mental injuries following a period of abuse regardless if it took place recently.

Domestic violence

The effects of domestic violence can be psychological and physical. Psychological injuries take much more time to heal and tend to have long-term effects specifically in aspects of living your social and personal life and pursuing a paid employment. For example, developing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder means exhibiting anxiety, depression, anger, panic, grief, or guilt in your everyday life.

Exceptions

In some instances, it is not possible to make a criminal injury claim if:

  • You have a criminal record.
  • You failed to cooperate with the Police or CICA.
  • You behaved in such a manner that helped cause your injury.
  • You failed to report the incident to the Police immediately.

Find out more about compensation for criminal injuries.

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